Impacts of infrastructure capital management and development
Investments aimed at the development of airport infrastructures are carried out in accordance with specific planning tools, subject to the control and approval of ENAC, which regulate the infrastructure activities at the two airports.
The Master Plan is the long-term planning tool for adapting and enhancing the airport infrastructure.
Starting from the airport development forecasts (in terms of role, traffic, type of flights served, needs expressed by the local area, etc.), it identifies and describes the general scenario of reference, analyses the functional allocation of the different airport areas and identifies the main infrastructures that will need to be implemented, assigning different levels of priority and quantifying the scale of investment.
The Master Plan prepared by the airport operator is approved by ENAC for the technical aviation aspects and by the Ministry of the Environment for the environmental aspects.
The authorization process continues with an assessment of the urban planning aspects expressed by the Local Authorities Planning Conference, engaging all the Bodies involved territorially in the development of the airport.
The implementation of short- to medium-term actions is based on the Four-Year Plan of Action, a document required and approved by ENAC. With this document, the airport operator defines the infrastructures it intends to implement, in accordance with the indications contained in the Master Plan, referring to a shorter period of time than the general scenario characterizing the latter document.
The Four-Year Plan of Action may also include the execution of works originally not included in the Master Plan, but always consistent with the development forecasts contained therein. Currently, the Four-Year Plans of Action for the period 2016-2019 are in force for the two airports of Milan Malpensa and Milan Linate.